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  What is Button Mushroom  
1. Mushrooms are edible fungus and is being used as food since time immemorial. More than 2000 species of mushrooms are available in nature, but only about 25 types are edible and widely accepted as food. Mushrooms are considered as delicious food with high nutritional and functional value, and they are also accepted as nutraceutical foods.

2. Out of these 25 edible mushrooms, Button Mushroom (Botanical Name: Agaricus Bisporus) is the most cultivated mushroom in the world. There are two varieties in the Button Mushroom, one is white and the other one is brown.Our company is involved in cultivation of edible white button mushroom meant for human consumption. The cultivation method of every mushroom is differing from each other. Button mushroom is very unique in its cultivation method and growing process and one of the mushrooms grown on soil.

3. The Button Mushroom is a good source of food with sufficient nutrition as available in plants, fruits and vegetables. The usage of Button Mushroom started in the year 1650 in Paris. Initially the Mushrooms were collected from compost mixed soils and also it was grown in caves. Later for about 160 years, White Button Mushroom was grown in open fields. Button mushroom normally grows spontaneously and naturally in certain districts of Andhra Pradesh on Ant Hills, Western Ghats, Silent valley region during rainy seasons.

4. With the advancement in food technology, the science has revealed that the white button mushroom has the following rich qualities:

    • Richest source of Protein
    • Contains Vitamins like B, C and D
    • Contains minerals like Iron, Magnesium and Potassium
    • Contains low Fat
    • Contains zero Cholesterol
    • Contains zero Sodium
    • Contains Selenium which works as anti-oxidant

10. In India, the first successful experimental cultivation of Button Mushroom was initiated by National Mushroom Research Centre presently named as Directorate of Mushroom Research, ICAR, Solan (Himachal Pradesh), Government of India in 1961. Later on, the cultivation of edible mushrooms gradually became popular in different parts of our country.

6. With the new inventions about the quality of vitamins and minerals available in white button mushroom, the requirement for human consumption had increased manifold over a period time.

7. In the ancient times, people were satisfied with the spontaneous and seasonal growth. Button mushroom obtained from mountains or hilly regions or during rainy seasons were not able to cater the needs of growing population. As the demand has increased, it became necessary to invent new methods of production so as to increase the yield.

8. Accordingly, new methods and techniques were adopted worldwide for continuous cultivation of white button mushrooms under environment controlled condition using specially cultured soil which is prepared through agricultural operations. It is important to note that the soil on which mushroom was grown in open fields/ mountains is almost identical to that of the soil used in environmental controlled conditions, on which the mushroom is grown. The usage of environmental condition would not alter the basic nature of quality and characteristics of the button mushroom.

9. Thus, in order to meet the growing demand of the edible mushroom, it is important that environment controlled condition is used so as to increase the yield of such mushrooms.

Why Environmental controlled rooms are used?

    • Drastically reduce agricultural land use (vertical use of land)
    • Availability of superior quality mushroom
    • Free from diseases
    • Free from pests and insecticides
    • Save Water
    • Round the year availability of harvest
    • Makes cultivation possible independent of season and weather condition
    • Limits carbon-di-oxide and puts less strain on the climate

10. With the new inventions about the quality of vitamins and minerals available in white button mushroom, the requirement for human consumption had increased manifold over a period time.

Asparagus officinalis is native to most of Europe, northern Africa and western Asia, and is widely cultivated as a vegetable crop.
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